Regular exercise affects not only our appearance. It is safe to say that the state of muscles, skin and adipose tissue depends on the changes that occur in the endocrine system. We understand what happens to the hormonal background and to the body as a whole during training.
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These “hormones of joy” are produced during physical exertion to suppress pain. And at the same time, they help to feel a surge of happiness or even euphoria, reduce anxiety, reduce fear and hunger.
On average, endorphins increase fivefold during endurance exercise. Scientists have also found that the synthesis of these hormones is increased for another half an hour after the completion of a workout.
Insulin is produced in the pancreas and is responsible for the absorption of glucose. It also helps amino acids reach muscle fibers and is involved in fatty acid metabolism. Therefore, it is insulin that can be called a hormone, on which the amount of fat in the body and muscle tone depend.
It has been scientifically proven that a 10-minute workout lowers insulin levels. The longer the workout, the lower its content. As a result, strength training increases the sensitivity of cells to insulin. And high insulin sensitivity is a sign of good health and insurance against excess weight.
Somatotropin, or growth hormone
One of the main hormones responsible for muscle growth. It also supports the health of joints, ligaments, tendons and bones, and also speeds up metabolism.
The optimal load to increase the level of growth hormone is 45 minutes. A high level of somatotropin leads to increased stamina, skin rejuvenation and strengthening of hair, to an improvement in concentration, a decrease in subcutaneous fat, and even to an increase in libido. Growth hormone also reduces the consumption of carbohydrates during physical exertion, increasing the breakdown of fat.
The best way to increase somatotropin is a power load.
This thyroid hormone is responsible for metabolism, mood and heart rate. It has been proven that thyroxine production increases by 30% during physical activity, remaining at an elevated level for five hours after the end of the workout.
It is a hormone synthesized in the adrenal glands that regulates the frequency and strength of heart contractions, increases blood pressure and increases blood flow in the most actively working organs.
To really increase its level, you need to choose high-intensity workouts.
Strength training also has a positive effect on estrogen and androgen levels.
Regular exercise can help to correct the hormonal background, but it is important to remember that this is not a reason to refuse tests and a visit to the doctor.
Regular exercise increases serotonin levels and, as a result, resistance to depression and bad mood. Oxytocin. It is also the “hormone of love”, which unites people into communities, builds social ties and “infects” with pleasant emotions.